Tuberculosis particularly common in Berlin

Tuberculosis particularly common in Berlin



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In Berlin the number of cases of tuberculosis increases significantly
19.03.2015

Cases of tuberculosis are on the rise in Berlin. As reported by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), 9.9 cases per 100,000 inhabitants were reported in 2013, compared to 9.1 (2012) and 9.3 (2011) in previous years. According to the RKI, the infectious disease would occur particularly frequently in metropolitan areas where many people live, e.g. are at higher risk of contracting a drug or alcohol addiction or HIV disease.

A total of 346 reported cases in the capital in 2013 In Berlin, significantly more people are affected by the infectious disease tuberculosis (TB) than in previous years. This is currently reported by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI). According to this, 346 cases were reported in the capital in 2013, compared to 319 a year earlier, according to the information from the “Infectious Diseases Yearbook of Notifiable Diseases for 2013”. Converted to a total of 3,501,872 inhabitants of Berlin, the rate is 9.9 cases per 100,000 citizens - an increase of 0.8 points, because in 2012 there were 9.1 cases.

Metropolitan areas particularly badly affected According to the RKI, tuberculosis occurs particularly frequently in metropolitan areas, where many people who belong to a so-called “risk group” live and are therefore more at risk of infection. This would include, for example, drug and alcohol addicts, homeless people or people infected with HIV, as well as people from countries with high tuberculosis, the RKI report continued. The tuberculosis bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) are usually transmitted via the air via “droplet infection” and mainly affect the lungs.

The number of TB cases is also increasing in countries such as Hamburg or Brandenburg. But the numbers are not only increasing in Berlin: According to the 2013 infection epidemiological yearbook, more people were also affected by tuberculosis in Brandenburg than in previous years. 96 cases (3.8 per 100,000 inhabitants) were reported here, compared to 91 (3.6 per 100,000 inhabitants) in 2012. Nevertheless, Brandenburg is significantly below the national average of 5.3 with these figures. The situation is different in Hamburg: Here, the number of reported cases increased from 147 (2012) to 191 (2013), which corresponds to a rate of 8.2 and 10.6 per 100,000 inhabitants.

Men affected significantly more often than women. Accordingly, the disease continues to pose a major problem in Germany. As the RKI reports in the run-up to the World Tuberculosis Day on March 24, the numbers would overall stagnate across Germany. According to this, a total of 4,318 tuberculoses were reported in 2013 (5.3 diseases per 100,000 population), which was only a slight increase compared to 2012 (4,217 cases, incidence 5.2) and an almost identical value to 2011 (4,307 cases, incidence 5.3) ) mean. Men were particularly affected, with a total of 2,665 (61.9%) reported cases becoming significantly more ill than women, with 1,637 cases (38.1%) becoming known in 2013.

WHO's “End TB Strategy” is to be eradicated from 2015. “Intensification of tuberculosis control is therefore necessary in order to be able to make further progress,” said Prof. Dr. Lothar H. Wieler, President of the Robert Koch Institute, on the occasion of a tuberculosis conference on March 16, 2015. The World Health Organization (WHO) is pursuing this very specifically by using the new so-called “End TB Strategy” this year, to fight the disease more effectively. Among other things, the goal is to achieve “elimination with less than 1 disease per 1 million inhabitants” in low incidence countries such as Germany (fewer than 10 TB cases per 100,000 pe) by 2050, writes the RKI. (No)

> Image: Dieter Schütz / pixelio.de

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